This article is going to teach you the essential nursing skills all nurses need, especially new grad nurses.
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I get a lot of questions from nursing students and new grad nurses.
One of the questions I get a lot especially from new nurses involves the essential nursing skills they need to be a successful nurse.
So they might ask “what are the basic nursing skills I need once I start working?
I’ve been a nurse for a while.
Because of that, I’ve come to the conclusion that there are fundamental nursing skills every nurse should have for a successful nursing career.
These fundamental nursing skills are also helpful to ensure you’re providing exceptional patient care.
As you look through this list, you might start feeling overwhelmed.
Like with everything else there’s going to be skills on here that will come naturally to you.
But you’ll also notice there are some that you might have to work on.
Just take it one nursing skill at a time. Let’s get started…
What are the Basic Nursing Skills?
Nurses never work by themselves.
It’s always in coordination with other nurses, doctors, and other multidisciplinary team members (ex dietitian, respiratory therapist and so forth).
Each member plays a critical role in taking care of the patient.
For those reasons teamwork is a must have nursing skill set.
I wish I could say I’ve never met or worked with a nurse who was a bad team player, but unfortunately I have.
To deliver the best possible care and to ensure patient safety nurses need to be able to work as a team with other members of the treatment team (source).
2. Compassion and Empathy
Compassion and empathy are at the core of nursing. Compassion is having sympathy or concern for one’s suffering.
Empathy is the understanding of your patients suffering. Almost like putting yourself in their shoes (source).
Compassion and empathy is important when you’re giving patient care because in a lot of ways you’re providing emotional support to that patient.
3. Good Communication
Good communications is a must for nurses.
You need to be able to communicate effectively to your coworkers and other members of the multidisciplinary team.
Another often missed aspect of nursing communications is patient instructions and teaching.
Nurses need to be able to communicate instructions effectively to patients.
As a nurse you’re going to be taking care of a lot of patients with low health literacy.
- Older aldults
- Patients of low socioeconomic background
- Patients who aren’t native English speakers
Just to name a few (source).
Nurse who don’t communicate effectively can find themselves confusing or frustrating patients.
4. Time-Management Skills
As a nurse you need to have good time-management skills. Nurses are constantly tasked to do many things and wear many hats.
I know what you’re thinking “I don’t do med-surg nursing so it’s not important for me.”
Even if you’re not working in med-surge time management is an essential nursing trait.
Med-surg is not the only nursing field that requires good time-management skills.
5. Pay Attention to Detail
Nurses make critical decisions each day that affects people’s lives.
From the instructions we give to the IV drip we’re titrating misreading a number can be the difference between life and death. It’s safe to say attention to detail is not optional.
A Good Nurse is a professional nurse. When you’re a professional nurse, you…
- Are responsive
- Are humble and good-natured to patients and colleagues
- Do quality work
- Are helpful to others
- Take pride in your work
Being a professional in your work reflects well on your personal nurse brand and the profession of nursing.
7. Critical Thinking Skills
Remember the questions you had to answer in nursing school. The nursing profession doesn’t always deal in black and white.
Actually I think it’s safe to say they rarely deal in black and white. Much of the work we do is riddled in grey areas.
When given a problem there are multiple right answers, but we’re tasked to pick the most correct response.
Many times that requires thinking outside the box.
8. Physical Strength and Stamina
Have you heard “no lift facility?”
Now that you’re done laughing the truth of the matter is many nursing jobs especially the hospital direct patient care nursing jobs are very labor intensive.
You’re on your feet a lot. You’re catching patients that are falling. All of this requires physical strength and Stamina.
9. Ability to Manage Stress
Nurses are constantly in stressful environments and situations.
A nurse that can’t find a way to manage the stress of their job will find themselves dealing with nurse burnout.
While we’re on the subject of managing stress I do want to emphasize how important it is as nurses to manage stress.
As nurses when we don’t get a handle on the work-related stress we go through it puts us at risk for getting nursing burnout.
If you don’t know nurse burnout is a big deal. I wrote an article about nurse burnout. Check it out and let me know what you think.
Nurses should be ethical in their approach to their work.
As the most trusted profession in the United States, the public and our patients have a high standard for nursing conduct (source).
Because of that, we’re called to practice ethically.
Healthcare is forever changing. New research continues to change practices that were once considered the gold standard.
One of the most important basic nursing skill is the ability to adapt to those changes.
12. Commitment to Career Development
Remember when I said health care is forever changing?
Good nurses don’t fight the change but embrace it. One of the ways to embrace that change is to focus on developing your career as a nurse.
This could be keeping up to date on the current best practice. Or it could be going back and getting your graduate degree in nursing.
13. Ability to Delegate
Nurses need to master the art of delegation. There’s so much to do, and nurses can’t do it by themselves.
Therefore, nurses need to know when to delegate and how to delegate.
You need to know when to delegate a task to a nurse aid. You need to know when to delegate work to another nurse.
Similar to what I mentioned above there’s too much to do and so little time.
You can’t just not do them, they all have to get done. The question isn’t which one can I not do.
The problem is which one should I do first. That’s where good prioritization skills come in handy. Because when presented between two patients…
➦one is complaining about acute ankle pains
➦while another patient with a history of diabetes is all of a sudden very confused.
Prioritization will help you figure out which patient you should see first.
This is going to sound very cliché, but I thought it was very appropriate.
Nurses at times can be the punching bags for patients, doctors, and administration.
When you’re making a phone call to a doctor to report a problem with a patient, and they’re yelling at you for doing your job…you have to remain strong.
When family members start yelling at you because they’re frustrated with what’s going on with they’re loved one…you have to stay strong.
Related: How to Deal with Difficult Patients
These are just some of the essential nursing skills new nurses need to strive to have.
Don’t be concerned if you don’t have all these skills yet.
Some of these fundamental nursing skills will be easier and come more natural to some nurses than others.
What are Essential Nursing Skills?
- Compassion and Empathy
- Good Communication
- Time-Management Skills
- Pay Attention to Detail
- Critical Thinking Skills
- Physical Strength and Stamina
- Ability to Manage Stress
- Adaptability Commitment to Career Development
- Ability to Delegate
What essential nursing skills are you working on?